Hugo Oskar Georg von Sholto Douglas


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Count Hugo Douglas (Born in Aschersleben on 19th April 1837, died in Berlin on 19th April 1912) was the son of Robert Archibald Douglas and Sophie Eleonore von Mohrenschildt a.d.H. Kreutzhof.   See below and notes


The following is a literal translation from the German, awaiting correction:


His ancestors come from the Scottish family of Douglas.


Some family members moved in the year 1772 to Aschersleben.  They were here first as a Calvinist preacher in the reformed communities.  They operated incidentally farming, because the money is hardly enough.


His grandfather William Douglas was in the year 1795 the first from the family, in Aschersleben a brown coal deposits discovered and with his sons in 1828 founded a pit.


 His father Gustav (1798-1877) was mayor in 1832 Aschersleben and soon elected to the district tags.  The high demand for lignite and opening new mines, the family was getting richer.  This was due Hugo Oskar George Sholto Douglas in Berlin and Heidelberg studying chemistry.  He was then employed in the emerging potassium salt Förderkomplex in Staßfurt.

 He married on 25 April 1865 Jenny Amalie Reisner, daughter of Karl Gustav Reisner and Auguste Adelheid Reisner,  in Gottesgnaden bei Calbe . April 1865 Amalie Jenny Reisner in God's grace in Calbe. In German war and the German-French war he became Major and received the Iron Cross. He has since 1864 co-owner of the mine "Alfred" in Calbe. The mine existed until 1915. This mine was one of the largest brown coal mining pits in Germany.  In the year 1882 depth of entrepreneurs in the pit 57 meters.  Sun promoted in 1889 over 200 miners daily 683 tons Rohbraunkohle.  A few kilometers west of Westeregeln he discovered under a plaster bearing potassium salt and secured rights and the mountain began 1875 with the promotion of carnallite.  He also discovered after the appointed potash Douglasit.  He founded the "potash and rock salt mine Douglas Hall".

In the year 1881 was in the Aktiengesellschaft "Consolidierte Alkaliwerke" with existing Potash factories united. Hugo Sholto expanded the number of mining shafts to the increased needs. His potash factory in Westeregeln belonged at the end of the 19th Jahrhunderts zu den weltweit größten seiner Art. Century of the world's largest of its kind in the year 1884, he worked in the men's free status levied He also engaged socially. In 1884 he founded a central body for People's Welfare, the Protestant Federation consolation and 1886 a foundation of the family and a kindergarten.

He was crowned in the year of 1888 by Wilhelm II in the county's status raised.

In 1891, the entrepreneur had on the island of Ruegen in the Great Jasmunder Bodden goods purchased.  Here he was in the years 1893/94 on a hill one of the Berlin architect G. straw in the style of the French Loireschösser designed manor house.  He had already been set 1810 landscape park with dendrologischen rarities.  The wooden chapel Ralswiek the county was in 1907 at the entrance building. He did this at the World Exhibition in Sweden purchased.  Douglas County received in 1896 from the Grand Ducal Mecklenburgisch-Schwerin government order, under a layer of plaster in Lübtheen are potash stock and to exploit.  The Mecklenburg Friedrich Franz union ", whose main shareholder of the Grand Duke himself, was founded and in 1906 the mine opened. In 1916, the shaft because of massive Wassereinbruchs be closed again.  The University Hall gave him an honorary doctorate and he became a knight of several medals and honorary citizen of the city Aschersleben.

In 1909, Hugo was Oskar Georg Graf Sholto Douglas his memoirs under the title "life considerations - Aphorisms of life wisdom".

He died in Berlin and was Ralswiek near his mansion buried.  After his death, sold the many participating relatives, the common coal and steel and Industriebesitztum and shared the proceeds proportionately among themselves.

According to him was in Aschersleben, in the administration and the kindergarten were established, the street named Douglas.


•  Almost certainly his parents were Georg Gustav Douglas (1798-1877), Aschersleber mayor and member of the district council, and Antonie Milda Renate Stoering.  His grandfather was Wilhelm Douglas, who had discovered in 1795 at Aschersleben a brown coal deposit and founded with his sons in 1828 a lignite mine.

•  Rear Admiral Karl Ferdinand von Grumme-Douglas was a son-in-law. He had married Ellen Douglas (1881-1964)


Apologies for the poor translation - can anyone help?

See also:
•  Article in the 1911 Chicago Tribune

•  The Douglas family in Aschersleben [527 kb  pdf]  or read the full magazine here>>> [4.7mb  pdf]



This page was last updated on 30 September 2021

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