Paride Scotti Douglas

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From Piacenza.
Lord of Fombio, Guardamiglio(2). Owner of half of the Cremona fair(1).


Paride Scotti was the son of Troilo Scotti Douglas, Conte di Fombio and Susanna Visconti and grandson of Alberto Scotti Douglas, Conte di Fombio †1479

Brother of Niccolò Scotti'
Father of Alberto Scotti by his wife Lucrezia, from Trivulzio.


At the end of August 1507, Paride Scotti Douglas hosted Alessandro Bentivoglio in Piacenza who was fleeing from Bologna. For his help in Bentivoglio, Piacenza was banned for several days by Pope Julius II. Scotti takes his guest to Fombio.
In February 1512, with 500 infantry he goes to the defense of Bologna when the city was besieged by the pontificals and the Spanish. and in April he was inserted in the rearguard under the orders of Ivo d'Allègre, he takes part in the battle of Ravenna: he has the task of defending a bridge over the Montone with 1000 infantry to keep open a retreat route on the left flank in the event of defeat. He supports the French captain and with his action contributes to the final victory. He was also present at the subsequent conquest of the city's castle.
The following year, the Sforzas are victorious against the French. They enter Piacenza. Isabella d'Este, wife of Francesco Gonzaga, was lodged in his palace.
In February 1514, he supports the Guelphs in the Piacenza area against the Ghibellines led by Pietro Buso Scotti. He collaborates with Renzo di Ceri and cooperates in the reconquest of Crema and Bergamo by the Venetians. Prospero Colonna has him burn Fombio in retaliation (?retreat).
In September, he is located in Piacenza.
In January 1515, at the request of Renzo di Ceri the Venetians granted him an annual commission of 600 ducats; he was also granted some houses in Crema near the square in whose place he had a palace built. In February he goes to Venice.
The provision was changed to a supply of 100 light horses with the immediate obligation to gather 50 of them.
In Piacenza to gather the men of his company: a papal edict threatens him with being declared a rebel. Confined to Modena, he in any case manages to complete the staff.
In July, He meets in Pontenure with Alessandro da Trivulzio; he goes to Venice (to talk with the Doge Andrea Loredan) and to Padua where he is joined by his 50 light horses.
In August, from Piacenza he goes to Crema; Renzo di Ceri joins him as he is about to leave the service of the Venetians for that of the Florentines. He is a creditor of 800 ducats to the Serenissima.
In December, he hosted the King of France, Francis I in his palace in Piacenza.
At the end of April 1516, he moved to the Parma area with 600 infantrymen to provide assistance to the Guelphs of the Red side (represented in the capital by Francesco Torelli) and counter the adherents of the Ghibelline faction, the so-called Tre Porte, led by Galeazzo Pallavicini. At the beginning of May Scotti's armed men touched Vigatto, Alberi di Vigatto (Alberi) and Pannocchia, always distinguishing themselves for their thefts. In the end they are put to flight by the inhabitants of Felino: as a consequence Scotti is forced to abandon the Parma area.
In 1521, he has the task of guarding the Porta di Stralevata in Piacenza. He repels an attack by the exiles who militate in the imperial camp. He offers himself to the Venetians.
During an inspection tour with Girolamo da Trivulzio he discovered a treaty arranged by the constable Tameo da Treviso aimed at handing over the Porta di San Raimondo to the adversaries coming from Reggio Emilia.
In 1524, he armed 30 lances at his own expense to face the French; he lends the viceroy of Naples Charles of Lannoy the money necessary to pay the wages of the imperial militias.
The Council of Wise Men grants a supply of 100 light horses to his son Alberto.
He was in Crema, Lombardy, in 1526. In November, he informed the Venetians from Piacenza about the movements of the landsknechts in the service of the imperials.
In February 1527, The imperials plundered his assets in Codogno causing damage amounting to 5000 scudi.
He asked for action from the Serenissima; his request is also supported by the mayor of Crema Andrea Loredan.
In December, he was to be found in in Guardamiglio, Lombardy.
In the summer of 1528, Paride Scotti returned to Piacenza.
In July 1530, the Venetians confirmed to him the annual provision of 600 ducats to be transferred to his son Alberto upon his death.
In 1539, he went to Milan for a quarrel (private war!) with Gianfermo da Trivulzio. Even though he did not have permission from the Spanish governor, he had a bandit protected by his rival hanged in Retegno. As a consequence, Gianfermo da Trivulzio goes to Fombio and Guardamiglio, takes numerous prisoners there and sacks his palace.

Paride Scotti died in 1540.


• “Most faithful to our Lordship.” HEALTHY

• “Knight illustrious in matters of war: in his time there were courageous leaders that Italy had.” SANSOVINO

• “Who deserved to be called father of the Cremaschi.” UNTIL

1. The Cremona Fair continues to this day.
2. Guardamiglio staddles the main route to Piacenza from the north, and thus was a vital stategic location.  I can find no evidence of the Douglas Scotti;'s influence in the commune, but note Teodoro Scotti Douglas, Marquis of Guardamiglio was murdered in 1612. He had married Laura Sanvitale daughter of Ottavio Sanvitale, Count of Fontanellato (1548-1589) and Vittoria d'Appiano d'Aragona (1551-1587).

See also:
•  Douglas Scotti family of Fombio

For more on the Douglas Scotti families of Italy, see our Italy portal.



Sources for this article include:
  • Roberto Damiani, author of the Condottieri di ventura website

  • Any contributions will be gratefully accepted


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    Last modified: Friday, 17 May 2024