A brief history of the Douglas Scotti

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This is one of several articles on how the Douglases came to Italy


Originating from the royal lineage of the Douglas of Scotland, as it is from a diploma of the Emperor Sigismund dated from Cremona on 12 February 1414. A William, cousin of Achaio, who reigned in Scotland towards the year 787, is the progenitor of the Scotta people branched out in various cities of Italy. He came to fight with Desiderio, King of the Lombards, he established his home in Piacenza.

The children of a Lanfranco by David Scotti formed four branches of their family in the thirteenth century, which were then divided into many others.
• The Lords of Mamago, Magnano, Castelbosco and Rezzano came from Ruffino;
• by Rolando, who was lord of Voghera, the Lords of Muzzano, Passano and Aiguerra.
• The lords of Vigoleno, Sarmato and Fombio descended from Giovanni.
• Rinaldo was the progenitor of the lords of Varso and Gravago.The second and fourth of these major lines are extinct, and the first and third still thriving.

The latter was subdivided into the three branches of Francesco, Nicolò and Giacomo:
• the first was head-jamb of the counts of Sarmato, Vigoleno, Agazzano and Gragnano;
• the second of the counts of Fombio, Guardamiglio, Ritengo and Casalecchio; and from
• the third came the lords of Castel San Giovanni and other lands in the Val Tidone.

A Fabio obtained in 1604 from Cesare d'Este Duke of Modena and Ferrara the investiture of the county and jurisdiction of Mizzeno, and was later created by the Duke of Parma, Odoardo Farnese, count of S. Giorgio. The legacy of the castle and estate of Rezzanello was then devolved to its branch.

Many illustrious men came out of this noble lineage; several Bishops, of whom San Fosco Canon Regular Lateran of S.Eufemia was celebrated, and Bishop of Piacenza and then of Pavia where he died in 1229. Three Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church. Alberto said the Great was elected in 1290 by the Piacentini for their lord and sovereign; which was succeeded by his son Francesco in 1335. In 1335 Francesco, said the Milite, reconquered the Lordship of Piacenza. Attached by Azzone Visconti, came to Patti, he received the dominion of Fiorenzuola (1336), which he returned two years later. From the Alberto son, called Albertino, John, Head of the Branch of Conti S. Di Agazzano, and by Cristoforo, Francesco II, created by Giovanni Maria Visconti Conte of Vigoleno (1404). From the only son of this, Giacomo, came Alberto II, scholar and patron, who had from the emperor sigismondo in 1414 the investiture of Castellarquato, Fiorenzuola and annexed places and the Douglas title, in memory of the ancient fabulous origin, and from the Duke Filippo Maria Visconti, in a noble and perpetual feud, with Mero and Mixed Empire, Carpaneto, Sarmato, Chero, Fontanafredda and Vicomarino.

From Francesco di Alberto II the Douglas Scotti of Sarmato and from Bartolomeo were broken by Vigoleno. Three children had Francis: Giacomo, Cristoforo and Giovanni. Among the descendants of the last is conspicuous Giulio Clemente (1602-1669), first Jesuit and then, in several works, Acre opponent of the Company; Among those of Cristoforo, Paolo Emilio (died in 1585) that militated at the service of France, Spain and the Venetian Republic, with glory, in the war of Cyprus, and ruled Bergamo and other cities of the Serenissima. From Paolo Emilio Venne Orazio (died in 1629), for large military and diplomatic services rewarded by the Farnese with the Marchesato of Montalbo, and Father of Ranuzio (1597-1661) Bishop of Borgo S. Donnino, Governor of the Marche, Nuncio Pontifice in Switzerland e In France and finally patriarchal vicar in the Vatican Basilica. Among the descendants of Giacomo, Honorio (who died in 1602), at the service of Venice, held the Government of Candia, then of Corfu and Albania, Ascanio was Governor of Palmanova, Candia, Bergamo and Brescia. From Bartolomeo, the Branch of Vigoleno, Francesco Maria, Giovanni Maria, Antonio Maria, respectively jambs of the Douglas Scotti of Vigoleno branch, which still lasts, and of Agazzano and Gragnano, extinct.

•  There is an alternative theory to the origins of the Scottis: Fulco was an Irish soldier who came to France with four thousand Irishmen to serve Charlemagne. He married a woman named Da Spettini and they produced a family called Scotti (Latin for Irish), a surname still found in that part of Italy. He is revered in Pavia as Saint Fulco.

  • See also:
  • Douglas family in Italy
  • Family tree [pdf]

  • Source


    Sources for this article include:
  • Enciclopedia Italiana (1936)

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    Last modified: Friday, 17 May 2024