Francesco Scotti

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Francesco Scotti   


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Francesco Scotti (1910-1973) was a  fighter in the Spanish War, he was elected to the Constituent Assembly (Italy), deputy in the first and second legislatures and senator in the third and fourth legislatures.


Born in Casalpusterlengo (from a wealthy family, a medical student) in the province of Lodi, Francesco Scotti was an anti-fascist and communist militant. In 1936, from Paris, where he was an exile, he was among the first Italians to rush to Spain in defense of the Republic after Francisco Franco's military coup. He fought in Aragon, in Madrid and on the Ebro, until his retreat beyond the Pyrenees. he was first chief coordinator of the health department, then head of a brigade.


At the end of the Spanish War, in Paris he was in charge of the Italian troops in France until 1943. He fought in the Maquis in France during the German occupation and returned to Italy after 8 September 1943, where he took part in the Resistance as Garibaldi commander in Lombardy and Piedmont. After the Liberation, he was elected to the Constituent Assembly and then for four legislatures in the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate of the Republic. His commitment as a parliamentarian focused significantly on health and environmental issues (substantial documentation on the topic of the fight against air pollution in the 1950s and 1960s is preserved in his archive).


In 1983 Scotti's wife, Carmen Espanol(1), paid part of her husband's archive to the ISEC Foundation, followed by payments from her son in 2011 and in the first months of 2023. The fund now preserved by ISEC therefore includes documentation that it runs from 1928 to 2001. In consideration of the fiftieth anniversary of Scotti's death, the ISEC Foundation has undertaken an intervention to conserve and enhance the collection, which includes the digitization of the photographic archive and parts of the paper archive. The intervention was carried out thanks to the Call for the conservation, digitization and description of the archives of political movements and bodies representing workers or their representatives , promoted by the MIC - Ministry of Culture and the General Archives Directorate ."


They had a daughter, Carmen, and possibly a second child.


He died in Milan and  is buried in the cemetery of Lambrate, in the family tomb.



1.  'His father, like the whole family, was republican. His father ran a printing press for the Catholic Church'.(sic)  Probably poor translation for 'her' referring to Carmen's father. 'Carmen recalls life at the front with the other comrades and the doctors, the meeting with her husband, Francesco Scotti, who directed the activities along the front, and also remembers small disagreements over the organization, her husband's first declaration of love.'




Sources for this article include:
  • ISEC Foundation

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    Last modified: Friday, 17 May 2024