Ragman Roll

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Index of first names

Ragman Roll Ragman Roll seals  

In 1291, There were a number of claimants to the Scottish throne and King Edward I of England "volunteered" to hear their case and decide who had the most valid claim. Those involved met Edward at Norham on Tweed in 1291. Edward insisted on all the nobles signing an oath of loyalty to him. Some declined but many signed what was the first (and smaller) of the "Ragman Rolls"

When Balliol began to resist the demands of Edward in 1296, the English King over-ran Berwick-upon-Tweed and defeated the Scots at the Battle of Dunbar. He then marched across Scotland as far as the Moray Firth, capturing castles and removing such precious items as the Stone of Destiny, the Scottish crown and huge archives of Scotland's national records.

On 28 August, 1296, Edward held a "parliament" at Berwick. All the prominent Scottish landowners, churchmen and burgesses were summoned to swear allegiance to Edward and sign the parchments and affix their seals, many of which had ribbons attached. Prominent people as Robert Bruce, 6th Lord of Annandale, his son, the 2nd Earl of Carrick and William Wallace's uncle, Sir Reginald de Crauford (all of whom signed in 1291, but not 1296). In total, 2,000 signatures were inscribed, making it a most valuable document for future researchers.

It is suggested that the term "Ragman Rolls" derived from the ribbons attached to the seals on the parchments but the name may also have been derived from an earlier record compiled for the purposes of Papal taxation by a man called Ragimunde, whose name was corrupted to Ragman.

Douglas signatories:
Douglas (Duglas), Frefkyn de (del counte de Linlefcu).  (Linlefcu is now Linlithgow, a town 20 miles west of Edinburgh)  A square bag, with massive lock and hand holding it

Douglas (Duglas), Dominus Willelmus de (miles), (William de Douglas, chiualer).  Painted arms date from the Balliol Roll of 1334 for Sr de Douglas: Argent, on a chief Azure, three stars of six points Argent, pierced Gules

Douglas (Duglas), William de (del counte de Lanark).

Douglas (Duglas), William fiz(1) Andreu de (del counte de Linlefcu).

William le Hardi Douglas was initially the only Scotsman of rank who refused to sign the Ragman Roll.  However, we was to sign it twice in 1296: the first time was in Edinburgh on 10 June; the second was on 28 August in Berwick on Tweed.

Notes:
1.   "Fitz is a prefix in patronymic surnames of Anglo-Norman origin. This usage derives from the Norman fiz / filz, pronunciation: /fits/ (cognate with French fils < Latin filius), meaning "son of"...



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Last modified: Sunday, 02 June 2019